The keto diet is a science-based low-carb, moderate protein, higher fat diet with a history dating back to the early s. Many people choose the keto diet for weight loss. We review the history, growth, and relevance of the keto diet. Our ancestors recognized the health benefits of fasting as early as about BC, unwittingly instigating a state of ketosis and leveraging it for a variety of conditions. Following are just a few known historical instances of fasting as medical treatment.
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The original Ketogenic Therapy, known as the classic Ketogenic Diet, or classic Keto for short, was designed in by Dr. Russell Wilder at the Mayo Clinic for the treatment of epilepsy. Classic Keto carries a ratio, which means that there are four parts fat for every one part protein and carb. The main difference between the five types of Ketogenic Diets is this macronutrient ratio. All Ketogenic Diets are high in fat, adequate in protein and low in carbohydrates. This combination changes the way energy is used in the body, converting fat into fatty acids and ketones in the liver. When there is an elevated level of ketones in the blood, one is in a state of ketosis, which has a variety of therapeutic benefits for the sick and healthy alike. In addition to the macronutrient ratio, the frequency of eating can influence ketosis. More specifically, a practice called intermittent fasting, which reduces the window of time a person eats throughout the day, can help in obtaining and sustaining ketosis.