Malaria is a serious and sometimes fatal disease caused by a parasite that commonly infects a certain type of mosquito which feeds on humans. People who get malaria are typically very sick with high fevers, shaking chills, and flu-like illness. Four kinds of malaria parasites infect humans: Plasmodium falciparum, P. In addition, P. Although malaria can be a deadly disease, illness and death from malaria can usually be prevented. About 2, cases of malaria are diagnosed in the United States each year. The vast majority of cases in the United States are in travelers and immigrants returning from parts of the world where malaria transmission occurs, including sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia. Globally, the World Health Organization estimates that in , million clinical cases of malaria occurred, and , people died of malaria, most of them children in Africa.
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By the end of the nineteenth century, the Dutch had established a world monopoly over its supply. Anyone who has studied froj parasites will immediately recognise his description of ‘pseudovacuoles’ as unstained malaria parasites. Chloroquine and Hydroxychloroquine New!